Rats can be a serious problem. They are not only increase the risk of fires, damage property but also pose a threat to our health with transmission of various diseases and parasites. Regular pest control can assist you in eliminating these pests from your home and your life for good.
A Rat can be found anywhere, where there is shelter and food! Shelter for a rat may include: sheds, kitchens; under concrete, garbage or roofs; farms and open fields. These pests like to explore their environment and they also remember location of items such as: food, water and shelter. When a new object (eg. trap or baits) is placed into their area, they will avoid it initially.
Rats have very poor eyesight and are colour blind, but their other senses (eg. smell, taste) are very keen! Rats are common throughout the year, but may become more problematic in winter as these pests search warm places to live in. They build nests in hidden and warm areas and reproduce rapidly which in turn, increases the risk of damage to structures and health. If you notice any of the following signs, call your pest control professional for an inspection and management solution
Presence of Rats is indicated by several signs:
- Droppings: along pathways, around food sources and near shelter
- Damaged items: of wood, plastic or paper, size of incisor teeth marks are about 3 mm; chew up cables and increase the risk of fires Ripped packaged food
- Noise: made by scratching in the walls, roof or under floor; gnawing, fighting or climbing especially at night when they are most active
- Burrows, which may be built under decks and sheds or in the garden
- Smudge or rub marks on walls, done by the rat rubbing its oiled and greased fur
- Smell; the rat pass urine all the time, which gives off an ammonia-like smell, so that they can find their way back. Wet and dry urine will glow under ultraviolet light and therefore can be detected.
- Nests; may be built in hidden and warm places
There are two ways in which these pests can be managed: chemical and non chemical method.
The chemical method involves baits and strategies of bait types, handling and placement for successful effect.
The non chemical method, involves:
- Preventing entry: ensure all crevices are blocked, windows have tight screens, pet doors are also considered
- Maintain hygiene: keep food stored away in sealed containers; get rid of uneaten pet food
- Mechanical devices, to trap these pests
- Regular inspections by a Pest Control Expert, to determine the best control strategy for you